Nano CBD is quickly taking over the CBD world thanks to its many applications. It's also touted as the better version of CBD.
While scientific research is still underway, nanotechnology has been around since the 1980s. Since its discovery, we've been graced with advances in disease treatments, improved medical and industrial equipment, more energy-efficient products, and so much more. Plus, when you break down the facts and compare nano CBD with regular CBD, the future of the phytocannabinoid seems promising.
So, what is nano CBD and how does it compare to regular CBD? Keep reading to learn all the answers to your nano CBD questions.
Nano Technology and CBD
Technologically speaking, nanotechnology is the application of matter at a molecular level. Or in simpler terms, it's working with the tiniest of molecules imaginable. Mathematically speaking, it's compounds that are reduced to one billionth of a meter (or, 0.0000000001).
The use of nanotechnology to improve nutrient delivery within the body is nothing new. It's also used beyond organic purposes, for example, you can find nanotechnology in beauty products, biomaterials, robotics, and medicines.
The primary goal behind nano CBD is to deliver higher amounts of the phytocannabinoid to the bloodstream in one dosage. The smaller the particle size, the easier it is for the cells in our bodies to absorb. This is because each time particles are reduced in nanotechnology, their surface area increases. Not only does this make for more potent dosages, but it cuts down on absorption time yielding a quicker delivery.
Nano CBD is often—and mistakenly—referred to as "water-soluble CBD." Scientifically, this misnomer is incorrect. CBD isn't water-soluble by any means. The incredibly small size of the CBD molecules on a macro scale makes them appear to dissolve in water. They're also emulsified in carrier-molecules which allows them to bind with water.
However, CBD does not and cannot physically dissolve in water.
How Does Nano CBD Work?
Once the CBD is broken down into nanoparticles, it gets coated with micro-carriers to enhance its targeted area of delivery. The most common carrier is known as a liposome, which is essentially a "fatty pocket." Liposomes, as well as the other micro-carriers, are created by phospholipids.
Phospholipids are a type of lipid molecule that form cellular membranes. They're also responsible for stabilizing ad regulating certain cellular processes. They also act as emulsifiers, which is what allows the natural cannabidiol oils to bind with water. (Hence, the illusion that nano CBD is water-soluble).
Why is all of this important, you ask? The micro-carriers that form around the reduced CBD particles are what allow for nano CBD to move through your cell membranes much easier. This is the exact reason for nano CBD's fast absorption rate.
The micro-carriers that form around the nano CBD molecules also serve to protect the core compounds of the CBD. Most people opt to take their CBD orally, which means that the product must pass through the gastrointestinal system before being delivered to the bloodstream. According to scientific research, when CBD is taken orally, the user is only able to absorb roughly six percent of each dose.
The micro-carriers in nano CBD stop the product from breaking down completely during digestion. This gives the CBD product in question more bioavailability for optimal absorption.
Additionally, nano CBD targets specific areas of the body more efficiently. CBD, in general, works by targeting the body's endocannabinoid system, where it binds with our CBA and CB2 receptors. By increasing CBD's bioavailability via nanotechnology, the efficiency in which CBD binds with our receptors is enhanced tenfold.
Is Nano CBD Legal?
Once the 2018 Farm Bill passed, the hemp variety of cannabis was declassified from being a Schedule I narcotic from the Controlled Substances Act. That means that industrial hemp and hemp-related products became legal under federal law. However, individual state laws and regulations are an entirely different ball game.
Essentially, for CBD to be legal, it must strictly follow the guidelines of the Farm Bill. The primary guideline for legal CBD is that it can have a THC concentration of no more than 0.03%. Additionally, CBD products are not FDA-approved or regulated as a "medicinal" product, which is why they fall under the "wellness" category.
To say the least, CBD is legal wherever CBD is legal. If CBD products are legal in your state, then nano CBD products will be legal. Of course, CBD products containing a higher concentration on THC are only legal in states where medical and recreational marijuana is legal. Additionally, some states have limitations on what passes for legal, i.e., edibles vs tinctures vs hemp buds, etc.
What Are the Advantages of Nano CBD?
Arguably, the greatest advantage of nano CBD vs regular CBD is its bioavailability. As mentioned above, nanoparticles have a larger surface area, which means you're getting more product out of the same dosage of a nano CBD product than you would from a regular CBD product.
CBD is also naturally hydrophobic—despite how well it works with our bodies. The nanoliposomes that encase each CBD particle allows for greater chances of absorption, so there's no man left behind. When you combine that type of protection with higher bioavailability, you get optimal absorption without having to up your dosage.
Lastly, since the emulsification of nano CBD particles allows for a "water-soluble" effect, it opens the doors to new applications. That means you can get your hands on a wide range of CBD products beyond the traditional tinctures, vape cartridges, and flowers.
Should I Try Nano CBD?
Nano CBD products are making themselves right at home within the CBD market. Whether you already include CBD in your daily regimen or are thinking about trying it for the first time, nano CBD will likely be a good fit. Of course, it's also recommended that you speak with your physician before taking CBD, especially if you're on any prescribed medications.